[Summary] The most comprehensive pilot scheme for power reform in all provinces and cities so far
Addtime:2020-11-16
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The Polaris power grid is organized. Up to now, a total of 21 provinces and cities have issued power reform pilot programs. The details are as follows (click "subtitle" to read the document):


1. Comprehensive pilot plan for Beijing's power system reform

The comprehensive pilot program of Beijing’s power system reform proposes to actively promote the establishment of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei power trading organization, which is relatively controlled by grid companies, and strive to settle in Beijing to build a unified power market in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei. Combining with the orderly liberalization of power generation and consumption plans other than public welfare and regulation, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region's electricity medium and long-term market transactions and spot market business will be carried out. Orderly liberalize non-profit and regulatory power generation plans, and gradually reduce the planned power generation of Beijing's thermal power units. In the development zones, industrial parks and key functional areas where conditions permit, pilot projects for liberalization of incremental power distribution services will be carried out to encourage social capital to invest in incremental power distribution services, promote the construction of the city’s power infrastructure, improve the efficiency of distribution network operations, and reduce distribution. The cost of electricity can better provide electricity services for the majority of users and ensure the power supply of the capital. Cultivate the main body of the electricity sales market, attract social capital to enter the field of competitive electricity sales, develop energy value-added services, and provide users with diversified and personalized comprehensive energy services.


2. A pilot plan for reforming the electricity sales side of Fujian Province

The pilot plan for reform of the electricity sales side in Fujian Province proposes to encourage social capital to invest in an orderly manner and operate incremental distribution networks, promote the development of distribution networks, and improve the efficiency of distribution networks. In the next step, Fujian can establish power sales companies for power grid companies; power sales companies that have social capital to invest in incremental distribution networks and have power distribution network operation rights; and independent power sales companies that do not have power distribution network operation rights. There can be multiple electricity sales companies in the same power supply business area, and the same electricity sales company can sell electricity in multiple power supply business areas.


3. Pilot plan for reform of the electric power system in Gansu Province

The pilot plan for the reform of the electric power system in Gansu Province proposes to gradually expand the access scope of power generation enterprises, electricity sellers and users on the basis of direct electricity transactions for large users, and to actively expand the scale of direct electricity transactions in the province. Promote direct cross-province and cross-regional power transactions, carry out spot transactions in a timely manner, and standardize and improve the direct transaction mechanism based on medium and long-term power transactions. Established Gansu Electric Power Trading Center. Establish a joint-stock Gansu Electric Power Trading Center, and carry out joint-stock transformation of the existing trading center. Encourage the development of incremental power distribution business in a mixed-ownership manner, focusing on park-type relatively concentrated loads, and orderly liberalize incremental power distribution investment business to eligible market entities. Implement the full guaranteed purchase system for renewable energy power generation, explore the formation of a new mechanism for renewable energy to participate in market competition, and actively take various measures to promote new energy, such as participating in direct power transactions, replacing power generation rights in self-supplied power plants, and demonstrating new energy clean heating Consumption nearby.


4. Pilot scheme for power system reform in Hainan Province

The Hainan Province’s power system reform pilot program proposes to gradually promote the establishment of a power market system with direct transactions by large users; establish a transitional period of transmission and distribution prices, and in the long term, use voltage levels to determine transmission and distribution prices as a breakthrough, and orderly advance power prices Reform; the orderly opening of the distribution and sale of electricity to social capital is a breakthrough point, and the reform of the electricity sales side will be steadily promoted; the electricity price formation mechanism will be improved to guide power users to implement demand-side management.


5. Pilot plan for the reform of the electricity sales side in Heilongjiang Province

Heilongjiang Province has proposed a pilot program for reforming the electricity sales side to actively cultivate diversified power distribution investment entities. Change the single power supply mode of the provincial power company, and promote the formation of a power supply situation where multiple distribution networks such as the provincial power company and local power grid companies that have the right to operate the distribution network coexist. Encourage power generation companies, power grid companies and social capital to invest in the establishment of electricity sales companies. There can be multiple power sales companies in the same power supply business area, but only one company can have the right to operate the distribution network in the business area. The distribution network should be open to all power sales companies without discrimination and provide guaranteed services.


6. Comprehensive pilot plan for power system reform in Hubei Province

The comprehensive pilot program of Hubei Province’s power system reform pointed out that the establishment of a mechanism for the construction of clean energy power generation transmission projects and power points to ensure the integration of clean energy into the grid, and to accelerate the acquisition of clean energy power generation projects by grid companies to build self-constructed grid line projects. Encourage social capital to invest in incremental power distribution business. Establish a priority power generation and purchase system, orderly reduce power generation and use plans, and gradually expand the scale of direct transactions. In addition to retaining the necessary public welfare and regulatory power generation and use plans, the competitive power generation and use plans will be cancelled by 2020. The trading organization may adopt the form of a company system in which the State Grid Hubei Electric Power Company is relatively controlled in accordance with the requirements of relevant state ministries and commissions.


7. Comprehensive pilot program for Sichuan Province’s power system reform

The comprehensive pilot program for Sichuan’s power system reform pointed out that the orderly liberalization of power prices in competitive links other than transmission and distribution, the orderly liberalization of power generation and utilization plans other than public welfare and regulation, and the orderly liberalization of power distribution and sales to social capital. Cultivate independent market entities and establish relatively independent provincial-level power trading institutions. Establish a joint-stock Sichuan Electric Power Trading Center, and carry out joint-stock transformation of the existing trading center. The price of power transmission and distribution services shared by the State Grid Provincial Electricity Company and the local power grid shall be announced by voltage level. Users and electricity sellers pay the grid-crossing fee according to the transmission and distribution price corresponding to the grid voltage level they are connected to. Explore the balance compensation mechanism of innovative electricity price cross subsidy quota. Explore two pricing mechanisms.


8. Comprehensive pilot program for power system reform in Liaoning Province

The comprehensive pilot program for power system reform in Liaoning Province points out that, in conjunction with the national power price reform process, cross-subsidies between different types of power prices should be reformed in a timely manner. During the transition period, the power grid company declares the amount of cross-subsidy between the existing electricity prices of various users, and is verified by the government price authority, after deducting the electricity price space provided by the old power plants with low electricity prices, it is recovered through the transmission and distribution price. Establish relatively independent power trading institutions, and gradually form a fair and standardized market trading platform. In the next stage, a joint-stock Liaoning Electric Power Trading Center will be established to transform the existing trading center into a joint-stock system. In 2016, large users' direct transaction electricity will strive to increase from 10 billion kWh in 2015 to 14 billion kWh.


9. Comprehensive pilot plan for the reform of the electric power system in Shaanxi Province

The comprehensive pilot plan for the reform of the power system in Shaanxi Province pointed out that in the first phase, the calculation of transmission and distribution prices will be carried out, the reform of the classification of sales electricity prices will be improved, the establishment of relatively independent trading institutions and the construction of trading platforms will be completed, and market access standards and trading rules will be clarified. Carry out a pilot power system reform in Yulin City. The scope of direct transactions between power users and power generation companies has been significantly expanded, the price formation mechanism has basically been straightened out, the proportion of renewable energy power generation and distributed energy power generation in the power supply has increased significantly, and the diversification of market entities has accelerated. In the second stage, we will strive to establish an electricity market-oriented system before the end of 2018. Substantial steps have been taken in the construction of the electricity market, the operation of trading institutions, the electricity market-oriented pricing mechanism, the reform of the electricity sales side, the social capital investment and the distribution of electricity business, etc.; the establishment of a long-term transaction-based market system supplemented by spot transactions before the end of 2020 . The market share of cross-province and cross-regional power market transactions has been further expanded.


10. Comprehensive pilot program for power system reform in Anhui Province

The comprehensive pilot program for the reform of the power system in Anhui Province points out that the direct trading mechanism based on medium and long-term power trading contracts is standardized and perfected. In principle, transactions within the year (including annual) are realized through centralized matching transactions on the trading platform. Formulate the establishment plan of Anhui power trading organization, establish a relatively independent joint-stock trading center in accordance with the articles of association and rules approved by the government, and carry out share-holding reform of the existing trading center. Existing power distribution assets other than the State Grid Anhui Electric Power Company are regarded as incremental power distribution business, and the distribution area is divided according to the actual coverage.


11. Comprehensive pilot program for power system reform in Henan Province

The comprehensive pilot program for the reform of the electric power system in Henan Province points out that the distribution and sale of electricity business will be opened to social capital in an orderly manner, and the power generation and use plans other than public welfare and regulation will be opened in an orderly manner. Establish a joint-stock Henan Electric Power Trading Center and carry out joint-stock reforms to the existing trading center. Existing power distribution assets other than State Grid Henan Electric Power Company are regarded as incremental power distribution business.


12. Comprehensive pilot plan for power system reform in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

The comprehensive pilot program of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region's power system reform pointed out that the direct power transaction mechanism will be improved and the direct power transaction in the industrial and commercial fields will be fully liberalized. The share of direct cross-province and cross-regional market-oriented power transactions has been further expanded to form a modern power market with efficient operation and national competitiveness. Actively seek national support for the establishment of a universal power service compensation mechanism to compensate for policy losses. Establish a joint-stock Xinjiang Electric Power Trading Center and carry out joint-stock transformation of the existing trading center. Existing power distribution assets other than State Grid Xinjiang Electric Power Company are regarded as incremental power distribution business.


13. Comprehensive pilot program for the reform of the power system in Shandong Province

The comprehensive pilot program for the reform of the power system in Shandong Province points out that the establishment of a joint-stock power trading center and the share-holding reform of the existing trading center are relatively independent. In principle, new enterprise users and newly approved generator sets must participate in power market transactions. It is necessary to strengthen energy conservation and emission reduction, and increase the proportion of renewable energy power generation and distributed energy system power generation in power supply. Existing power distribution assets other than State Grid Shandong Electric Power Company are regarded as incremental power distribution business, and the distribution area is divided according to the actual coverage.


14. Comprehensive pilot program of Shanxi Province's power system reform

Shanxi Province is the first province-wide comprehensive power reform pilot program within the coverage of the State Grid. The comprehensive pilot program for power system reform in Shanxi Province points out that the first is to straighten out the power price mechanism. Restore the commodity attributes of electricity and straighten out the formation mechanism of electricity prices. According to the "permitted cost plus reasonable income", the power transmission and distribution price is determined by voltage level, the power price of competitive links other than transmission and distribution is liberalized in an orderly manner, and the selling price of non-public welfare is realized step by step and formed by the market. The second is to expand the two major markets. Promote the construction of two markets within and outside the province as a whole, and give better play to the advantages of the national comprehensive energy base. Within the province, further activate the electricity market, and gradually expand the field and scope of direct electricity transactions based on direct transactions by large users; outside the province, seek out the country for the construction of power transmission channels and electricity quota policies, and improve the inter-provincial communication and cooperation mechanism. Promote trans-provincial and trans-regional power transactions, integrate into the national unified power market on a larger scale, and continuously expand the scale of Jindian power delivery. The third is to standardize the operation of trading institutions and improve their market functions. Within the scope of the regulations and rules approved by the government, organize market transactions in a fair, just and open manner, build, operate and manage trading platforms, and provide settlement basis and other related services; standardize the market Chemical electricity sales business, clarify the scope of electricity sales entities and access standards, pilot projects first, and gradually open up to eligible market entities; standardize the management of self-provided power plants, incorporate self-provided power plants into overall planning, and continuously eliminate outdated production capacity and promote energy saving and reduction To implement the responsibilities and obligations of self-provided power plants, and realize fair participation and optimization with public power plants.


15. Implementation plan for comprehensive pilot projects of Guangxi electric power system reform

The comprehensive pilot implementation plan of Guangxi's power system reform pointed out that during the transition period before the approval of the transmission and distribution price, the pilot establishment of the transition period electricity price with the purchase cost linkage adjustment mechanism. Gradually reduce the amount of electricity sold between power grids. Before the completion of the transmission and distribution price reform, continue to provide electricity to the local power grid through bulk sales, but the bulk sales price must be strictly verified to reduce the price difference between purchases and sales. Orderly expand the scale of direct electricity transactions. Under the premise of ensuring the safety of power supply, the scale of direct transaction electricity will be increased year by year. In 2016, the direct transaction electricity will not be less than 20% of the electricity consumption of the whole district. After 2017, according to the development of the market, all industrial and commercial electricity will be gradually released. plan. Establish a relatively independent power trading agency. Steadily promote the reform of the electricity sales side and accelerate the cultivation of diversified electricity sales entities. Promote the separation of power grid enterprises, main and auxiliary. Power generation companies affiliated to power grid companies are decoupled from the power grid, and all non-electric auxiliary industries are separated from power grid companies. This further clarifies power grid assets and strips off assets that are not related to power transmission and distribution. 12. Promote the transformation of local power grid companies. In accordance with the relevant requirements of the country to promote the reform of the electricity sales side, follow the principles of marketization, promote the integration of the main power grid and local power grid related assets, and promote the transformation of local power grid companies into power distribution companies while maintaining the existing business scope.


16. Implementation plan for the pilot reform of the electricity sales side of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps

The implementation plan for the pilot reform of the electricity sales side of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps pointed out that, in accordance with the relevant supporting policies of the country’s electricity sales side reform, combined with the actual conditions of the pilot area, establish an access and exit mechanism for electricity sales business, actively cultivate diversified market competitors, and encourage power generation companies and Social capital invested in the establishment of a power sales company to engage in power sales. Users with distributed power sources, public service industries such as water supply, gas supply, and heating, and energy-saving service companies can all engage in market-based power sales. Within the scope of the pilot, social capital is encouraged to invest in the operation of incremental distribution networks. Establish a priority power generation system, and insist on energy saving, emission reduction and clean energy priority power generation online.


17. Implementation plan for the pilot reform of the electricity sales side in Chongqing

The implementation plan for the pilot reform of the electricity sales side in Chongqing pointed out that it adheres to the market orientation and the principles of safety, efficiency, energy conservation and emission reduction, actively promotes the reform and innovation of the power system, and strives to build a diverse and orderly competitive power transaction pattern. In accordance with the requirements of "controlling the middle and liberalizing the two ends", the electricity sales business will be opened to social capital in the pilot area, and the market competitors on the electricity sales side will be cultivated, so that more users have the right to choose.


18. Guizhou Province Electric Power System Reform Comprehensive Pilot Program

The comprehensive pilot program for the reform of the power system in Guizhou Province pointed out that the main goals in the future include establishing an independent power transmission and distribution pricing system in Guizhou Province; establishing a relatively independent and standardized operation of the Guizhou power trading center; and establishing a priority system for power purchase and power generation. Through electricity market-oriented transactions, gradually release the development of electricity plans. Under the premise of ensuring the balance of power supply and demand and guaranteeing social order, the smooth transition of power and electricity balance from planning to market means is realized. At the same time, it is necessary to cultivate the main body of electricity distribution and sale with the participation of social capital and establish a new mechanism for trans-provincial and trans-regional electricity trading.


19. Comprehensive pilot program for power system reform in Yunnan Province

The comprehensive pilot program for the reform of the power system in Yunnan Province points out that the transmission and distribution prices are separately approved. Realize step by step the sale price of electricity other than public welfare is formed by the market. Combined with the electricity price reform process, cross-subsidies between different types of electricity prices should be reformed. According to the unified arrangement of the country and the cooperation agreement between the provincial governments, power companies are supported to transfer the surplus electricity in the province to the regional or national power market by adopting medium and long-term transactions as the main transaction mode and temporary transactions as supplementary transactions to promote electricity Optimize the allocation of resources on a larger scale. Establish a relatively independent power trading agency to form a fair and standardized market trading platform. Encourage social capital to invest in power distribution business. Electricity sellers, users, and other related parties sign contracts in accordance with the law, clarify corresponding rights and obligations, and agree on matters such as transactions, services, charges, and settlement.


20. Implementation plan for deepening the reform of the power system in Hebei Province

Hebei Province’s implementation plan for deepening the reform of the power system pointed out that, in accordance with the results of the cost supervision and review organized by the state, the principle of "allowed costs plus reasonable benefits", and effective assets as the basis, the cross-subsidy of electricity prices should be properly handled. In the first regulatory cycle (2017-2019) of Wangjibei Electric Power Co., Ltd., total revenue and voltage-level transmission and distribution price standards are allowed to be calculated. In the second half of 2016, it will be submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission for approval, and will be approved for implementation in the first half of 2017. Adhere to the principle of giving priority to the grid during the heating period of renewable energy power generation, peak and frequency modulation power generation, and combined heat and power generation. Fully reserve space for priority power generation such as renewable energy power generation, peak and frequency modulation power generation, and cogeneration. Actively promote direct transactions and improve transaction mechanisms. Encourage environmental protection and high-efficiency generating units and renewable energy power generation to participate in direct transactions, allow electricity sellers to participate in direct transactions, and allow industrial parks and economic development zones as a whole to participate in direct transactions. Encourage social capital to invest in incremental power distribution business. Actively promote the construction of renewable energy micro-grids.


21. Pilot scheme for reforming the electricity sales side of Guangdong Province

The NDRC’s reply regarding the approval of Guangdong Province’s pilot reform of the electricity sales side pointed out that, in order to take into account short-term reform goals and medium- and long-term reform directions, it is recommended that Guangdong Province should “have no bargaining power or do not participate in the electricity market” by power supply companies that provide guaranteed services. According to the catalog electricity price approved by the government, "power supply" is revised to "users who have no bargaining power or do not participate in the electricity market, and the power supply companies that provide guarantee services shall supply electricity in accordance with the catalog electricity price approved by the government or the pricing rules determined by the government", and delete "designated enterprises" When providing guaranteed power supply services, the electricity price shall be calculated in accordance with the rules approved by the government and should be higher than the average electricity price level of users participating in the market." It is recommended that Guangdong Province incorporate the content of "Users with distributed energy sources or microgrids can entrust electricity sales companies to purchase and sell electricity as agents" into the "Pilot Plan."